Additional Resources


Allen, Liz. “The Cold Truth,” Erie Reader, February 27, 2019.

Burdick, Jonathan. “Slavery and Abolition in Erie County,” Erie Reader, February 14, 2018.

“A Hero in the Midst of Cowards,” Erie Reader, December 4, 2019.

Patrick, Leslie. “African American and Civil Rights in Pennsylvania,” Pennsylvania Heritage, Spring 2010.


Johnson, Johnny C. Erie African Americans in 1880 (2008)

Moore, Larry W. The Pontiacs: Black Baseball to Remember (2010).

Reichel, Caroline. African American History Makers of Erie, Pennsylvania. A Walking Tour of the Erie Cemetery (2008).

Snyder, Jean E. Harry T. Burleigh: From the Spiritual to the Harlem Renaissance (University of Illinois Press, 2016).

Thompson, Sarah, with an Essay by Karen James. Journey from Jerusalem: An Illustrated Introduction to Erie’s African American History, 1795-1995 (Erie County Historical Society, 1996).


Journal of Erie Studies, Hagen History Center and Jefferson Educational Society. This scholarly journal focuses on the history of Erie County and northwest Pennsylvania and includes several articles relevant to Black history, such as “Digging Up Bones: African Americans in Erie County, 1800-1830,” written by Karen James and Sarah Thompson (Vol. 23, No. 1, Spring 1994):15-30.


Old Time Erie (a wonderfully illustrated blog of local history maintained by Debbi Lyon)

Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, “Slavery and Underground Railroad Resources”

Pennsylvania State Archives, Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, “Guide to African American Resources”

National Undergound Railroad Freedom Center (Cincinnati, OH)

Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture

Other Resources

Arvickson, Robin S. Information about the United States Colored Troops buried at the PA Soldiers and Sailors Home cemetery came from research compiled by Ms. Arvickson, an avid genealogist and public historian. The research was provided by the PA Soldiers and Sailors Home with permission from Ms. Arvickson’s family.

Cathedral of St. Paul Choir, Hold On! Keep Your Hand on the Plow: The Spirituals of Harry T. Burleigh (The Episcopal Cathedral of St. Paul, 2017; recording on CD).

Gensheimer, Lisa, producer. Safe Harbor, documentary on the history of the Underground Railroad in Western Pennsylvania (North East, PA: Main Street Media, 2003, 60 minutes).

Heritage Room, Erie County Blasco Memorial Library, features a treasure trove of local history resources, including voluminous binders of African American material.